Brands; and Domino's Pizza, a pizza chain known for popularizing home delivery of fast food. fast food Définition, traduction, prononciation, anagramme et synonyme sur le dictionnaire libre Wiktionnaire. Other prominent international fast food companies include Burger King, the number two hamburger chain in the world, known for promoting its customized menu offerings (Have it Your Way). [44] However, despite a slight increase in healthful food advertising, the effectiveness of this initiative has been disputed by studies that reveal that "children couldn't remember or identify healthful foods in the ads, and that 81 percent of the 99 3 to 7 year olds in that study recalled French fries" even though there were no French fries in the advertisement. It has also been shown that there is a lower chance of finding a fast food restaurant in a suburban neighborhood. [20], A blue plaque at Oldham's Tommyfield Market marks the origin of the fish and chip shop and fast food industries. The Atlantic. November 13, 2015. Automats remained extremely popular throughout the 1920s and 1930s. Although many companies have ways to go. The chains have responded by "reducing packaging waste". To deny a child "desirable things" such as the advertised fast food restaurant can cause stigmatization of parents as the "mean parent" when it is common among other parents to comply with their child's desires.[38]. [39], In contrast to the rest of the world, American citizens spend a much smaller amount of their income on food — largely due to various government subsidies that make fast food cheap and easily accessible. [31] It was the first-ever recall of a genetically modified food. William Ingram's and Walter Anderson's White Castle System created the first fast food supply chain to provide meat, buns, paper goods, and other supplies to their restaurants, pioneered the concept of the multi-state hamburger restaurant chain, standardized the look and construction of the restaurants themselves, and even developed a construction division that manufactured and built the chain's prefabricated restaurant buildings. Frying foods in vats of searing oil proved as dangerous as it was expensive, and homeowners feared that a rogue cooking fire "might easily conflagrate an entire neighborhood". A patatje speciaal, with frietsaus, curry ketchup or tomato ketchup, and chopped raw onions, is popular fast food in the Netherlands. [27] The choice to introduce a shrimp burger was no coincidence, as a 1989 study stated that world consumption of shrimp was "led by Japan." 113 No. Brownwell, Kelly. p. 397. Le petit plus sera des visites de cuisines étoilées avec des rencontres de grands chefs qui vous donneront des petites astuces pour vos plats préférés. Once the contract expires, the parent company may choose to "renew the contract, sell the franchise to another franchisee, or operate the restaurant itself." [citation needed], Over time, fast food restaurants have been growing rapidly, especially in urban neighborhoods. Common menu items at fast food outlets include fish and chips, sandwiches, pitas, hamburgers, fried chicken, french fries, onion rings, chicken nuggets, tacos, pizza, hot dogs, and ice cream, though many fast food restaurants offer "slower" foods like chili, mashed potatoes, and salads. Holtzbrink Publishers. In 1896, the first self-service restaurant (the "Stollwerck-Automatenrestaurant") opened in Berlin's Leipziger Straße. Coffee chain Country Style operates only in Ontario, and competes with the famous coffee and donut chain Tim Hortons. The fast food industry is popular in the United States, the source of most of its innovation, and many major international chains are based there. One example of McDonald's expansion on a global scale was its introduction to the Russian market. Value meals at fast food restaurants are common as a merchandising tactic to facilitate bundling, up-selling, and price discrimination. In the French-speaking nations of West Africa, roadside stands in and around the larger cities continue to sell—as they have done for generations—a range of ready-to-eat, char-grilled meat sticks known locally as brochettes (not to be confused with the bread snack of the same name found in Europe), In the United States, consumers spent $160 billion on fast food in 2012 (up from $6 billion in 1970). Ray Kroc, who bought the franchising license from the McDonald brothers, pioneered concepts which emphasized standardization. [20] As a cheap fast food served in a wrapper, fish and chips became a stock meal among the Victorian working classes. [41] Some businesses have taken off and had success in this market with healthy foods and due to many health concerns and fast food stereotypes, it is emerging as an expected thing. : Choose from rich offer buffets and fast food. [35] The number of children and adolescents as well as adults eating out everyday is only seen to progress and rise. [20] By 1910, there were more than 25,000 fish and chip shops across the UK, and in the 1920s there were more than 35,000 shops. In addition to home-grown chains such as Supermac's, numerous American chains such as McDonald's and Burger King have also established a presence in Ireland. [9] Many fast foods tend to be high in saturated fat, sugar, salt and calories. However, some people see these moves as a tokenistic and commercial measure, rather than an appropriate reaction to ethical concerns about the world ecology and people's health. Fastfood består ofte af sandwiches, hamburgers, fish and chips, kebab, pitabrød, pommes frites, taco, pizza, selv om mange fastfoodrestauranter tilbyder andre retter som ikke er ligeså letspiste, som f.eks. [3], Fast food began with the first fish and chip shops in Britain in the 1860s. In 2012 the fast food industry spent $4.6 billion to advertise unhealthy products to children and teens according to a report by the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Fast Food Industry Analysis 2018 – Cost & Trends", "The link between fast food and depression has been confirmed", "Susan Cohan Colon Cancer Foundation: Prevention: Eating Well/Diet", "Red meat and colon cancer – Harvard Health", "Pre-pregnancy fried food consumption and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a prospective cohort study", "Exporting Diabetes to Asia: The Impact of Western-Style Fast Food", "Definition of Fast Foods | LIVESTRONG.COM", "Nutritional challenges and health implications of takeaway and fast food", "Harry Ramsden's famous original fish and chip shop faces closure after losses", "The Evolution of the Quick Service Restaurant", " Food and Beverage Serving and Related Workers", "Resistant to the recession: low-income adults' maintenance of cooking and away-from-home eating behaviors during times of economic turbulence", "Super-Sizing public costs: How Low Wages at Top Fast-Food Chains Leave Taxpayers Footing the Bill", "Fast Food, Poverty Wages: The Public Cost of Low-wage jobs in the Fast Food Industry", "A New Method to Monitor the Contribution of Fast Food Restaurants to the Diets of US Children", "Federation of Fish Friers – Serving the Fish and Chips Industry – History", "Fast Food Industry Analysis 2015 – Cost & Trends", "Where to Eat? Definition: Fast Food sind zubereitete Speisen, die für den raschen Verzehr produziert werden. In large cities, these restaurants may offer free delivery for purchases over a minimum amount. [28] However, some areas are more affected than others. Restauration rapide où le but est de faire gagner du temps au client. Fast food restaurants are traditionally distinguished by their ability to serve food via a drive-through. Levinstein, Harvey. [citation needed], In 2006, the global fast-food market grew by 4.8% and reached a value of £102.4 billion and a volume of 80.3 billion transactions. Mais il y a trente, voire quarante ans, vous souvenez-vous de l’excitation qui nous accompagnait quand on allait déguster un hamburger ? New York City: Penguin, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 07:34. Modern commercial fast food is often highly processed and prepared in an industrial fashion, i.e., on a large scale with standard ingredients and standardized cooking and production methods. A fast food chain restaurant is generally owned either by the parent company of the fast food chain or a franchisee – an independent party given the right to use the company's trademark and trade name. A dish is on Polish List of traditional products. În anul 2008, un studiu al cercetătorilor de la Universitatea McMaster din Canada arăta că alimentația de tip fast-food, bogată în grăsimi, sare și carne, este responsabilă pentru o treime dintre infarctele înregistrate la nivel mondial. [48] However, the trend towards halal has been unpopular in some communities which have at times resulted in internet petitions.[49]. Traditional street food is available around the world, usually through small and independent vendors operating from a cart, table, portable grill or motor vehicle. Web. Although the case is usually American fast food chains expanding into Canada, Canadian chains such as Tim Hortons have expanded into 22 states in the United States, but are more prominent in border states such as New York and Michigan. Siu mei is offered throughout the day. Many gas stations in the United States and Europe also sell frozen foods, and have microwave ovens on the premises in which to prepare them. This process ensures a consistent level of product quality, and is key to delivering the order quickly to the customer and avoiding labor and equipment costs in the individual stores. The largest McDonald's in the world, with 25,000 feet of play tubes, an arcade and play center, is located in Orlando, Florida, United States[52][clarification needed], There are numerous other fast food restaurants located all over the world. In comparison, the full-service restaurant segment of the food industry is expected to generate $173 billion in sales. Bowman, Steven L. Gortmaker, Cara B. Ebbeling, Mark A. Pereira, David S. Ludwig. Burger King and Domino's entered the market later in the 1990s. [78] In addition to health critics, there are suggestions for the fast-food industry to become more eco-friendly. [34] 34% of children and adolescents consume fast food on any given day, while 80% of children claim that McDonald's is their favorite place to eat at. [28], In March 2010, Taco Bell opened their first restaurant in India. Aujourd’hui, un repas au fast-food est devenu un non-événement, un acte totalement banal, et même quotidien pour certains (faites gaffe quand même, hein, 5 fruits, légumes, tout ça …). By 1954, The McDonald brothers' stand was restaurant equipment manufacturer Prince Castle's biggest purchaser of milkshake blending machines. As a consequence, parent companies tend to deal with franchisee violations in a more relaxed manner. The fast food industry in India has evolved with the changing lifestyles of the young Indian population. One is that through economies of scale in purchasing and producing food, these companies can deliver food to consumers at a very low cost. Arguably, the first fast food restaurants originated in the United States with White Castle in 1921. [49] McDonald's alone, has outlets in 126 countries on 6 continents and operates over 31,000 restaurants worldwide.[50]. [55], The examples and perspective in this article, Impact of fast food restaurant availability, "Where White Tower (one of the original fast food restaurants) had tied hamburgers to public transportation and the workingman...McDonald's tied hamburgers to the car, children, and the family." C'est un travail ingrat ; l'ambiance est assez lourde et le directeur semble bien étrange. Le soir, alors que Buffy discute avec Spike qui est venu la voir, un employé est assassiné. [26], The United States has the largest fast food industry in the world, and American fast food restaurants are located in over 100 countries. Other Canadian fast food chains such as Manchu Wok serve North American style Asian foods; this company is located mainly in Canada and the US, with other outlets on US military bases on other continents. [2] Today, American-founded fast food chains such as McDonald's (est. Las comidas se sirven a pie de calle o en algunos países se ofrecen en locales comunes denominados food courts. However, in April 2011, McDonald's hired approximately 62,000 new workers and received a million applications for those positions—an acceptance rate of 6.2%. Fast food (z ang. Other fast food outlets, primarily the hamburger outlets (McDonald's, Burger King, etc.) [60], Fast-food chains have come under criticism over concerns ranging from claimed negative health effects, alleged animal cruelty, cases of worker exploitation, and claims of cultural degradation via shifts in people's eating patterns away from traditional foods. Caldwell, Melissa L. "Domesticating the French Fry: McDonald’s and Consumerism in Moscow.". Pediatrics Vol. The 'automatiek' is a typical Dutch vending machine. There is a strong priority on "speed of service". Common examples include Vietnamese noodle vendors, Middle Eastern falafel stands, New York City hot dog carts, and taco trucks. As in Roman cities during antiquity, many of these establishments catered to those who did not have means to cook their own food, particularly single households. The most common sauce to accompany french fries is fritessaus. While typical Idli and Dosa is fast food in Southern India, in Maharashtra it is misal-pav, pav-bhaji, and poha. In most fast food operations, menu items are generally made from processed ingredients prepared at central supply facilities and then shipped to individual outlets where they are cooked (usually by grill, microwave, or deep-frying) or assembled in a short amount of time either in anticipation of upcoming orders (i.e., "to stock") or in response to actual orders (i.e., "to order"). Fast food outlets are take-away or take-out providers that promise quick service. [39] While overall fast food sales have fallen, the number of Americans who eat in these restaurants "once a month or 'a few times a year'" has risen. It mentions the fast food restaurants McDonald's, Kentucky Fried Chicken and Pizza Hut. [35] With obesity especially being seen among children, places like McDonald's and other fast food restaurants take the majority of the blame. [4][5][6][7][8] Controlling for other diet and lifestyle confounders of fast food consumers often doesn’t attenuate these associations and it sometimes strengthens the association between fast food consumption and mortality. "The Ethics of What We Eat: Why Our Food Choices Matter". There are also local chains like Teremok specializing in Russian cuisine or having elements of it added into their menu. [34] 60% of Americans today are either overweight or obese. [26] Strategic applies to the specific characteristics of the franchise that will change from the basic format followed by all to fit in the local area. It is served in most Dutch fast food restaurants. [citation needed] Franchise operations that are part of restaurant chains have standardized foodstuffs shipped to each restaurant from central locations. Richard McDonald (ici en 1991), fondateur de l'enseigne avec son frère Maurice. La chanson «Sénégal fast-food» a été interprétée par Amadou & Mariam Paroles de la chanson: C'est au Mahattan fast-food Dakar Sénégal cinéma le Paris, Demain je serais parti, La gare Dakar, Bamako Mopti Y'a pas de problèmes? Originally opened in 1953, the founders and owners of the chain, Kieth G. Kramer and his wife's uncle Matthew Burns, opened their first stores around a piece of equipment known as the Insta-Broiler. ", "Halal dispute over Kentucky Fried Chicken", "Fast-Food Update: Where Are the Promised Obesity Lawsuits? Flatbread and falafel are today ubiquitous in the Middle East. [38] Fast food has become a part of American culture as a reward for children. Jump to navigation Jump to search fast food food prepared and served in a small amount of time. Die Zeitspanne zwischen Zubereitung und Übergabe des Produktes beträgt meist weniger als zehn Minuten. The bill arose because of an increase in lawsuits against fast food chains by people who claimed that eating their products made them obese, disassociating themselves from any of the blame. In a study of selected US locations, Morland et al. In addition, although some people dislike fast food for its predictability, it can be reassuring to a hungry person in a hurry or far from home. Mcginley, Lou Ellen with Stephanie Spurr. Food service chains partner with food equipment manufacturers to design highly specialized restaurant equipment, often incorporating heat sensors, timers, and other electronic controls into the design. A Study of Sonic Drive-In Food Safety Scores in the State of Oklahoma", "McDonald's in Japan offers shrimp burger", "WORLD SHRIMP MARKET SITUATION AND OUTLOOK", "Novelty Proves a Hit for Taco Bell in India", "McDonald's nutrition facts to be on food packaging by 2006", " - Food Central - News - Scope of biotech corn product recall revealed - November 1, 2000", "Taco Bell Recalls Shells That Used Bioengineered Corn", " - Food Central - ConAgra stops producing corn flour at Kansas mill as precaution against genetically modified grain - October 18, 2000", "The Food Marketing Defense Model: Integrating Psychological Research to Protect Youth and Inform Public Policy", "U.S. Seeks New Limits on Food Ads for Children", "Tug of War in Food Marketing to Children", "Neighborhood characteristics associated with the location of food stores and food service places", "Which restaurant chains have gone halal – and why? Café de Coral alone serves more than 300,000 customers daily. The chorus was based on the Moroccan folk tune "A Ram Sam Sam". Le fast-food halal est historiquement dominé de la tête et des épaules par les kebabs, ces petits points de vente dans lesquels les consommateurs de viande halal achètent les « döner kebabs » (« grillade tournante »), ce sandwich d'origine turque garni de viande de veau, de dinde ou de poulet. A fast food restaurant, also known as a quick service restaurant (QSR) within the industry, is a specific type of restaurant that serves fast food cuisine and has minimal table service. The term "fast food" was recognized in a dictionary by Merriam–Webster in 1951.[1]. Since the Second World War, turkey has been used more frequently in fast food. Domino's Pizza is also a popular fast food restaurant. The Automat was a cafeteria with its prepared foods behind small glass windows and coin-operated slots. [13] It was during post-WWII American economic boom that Americans began to spend more and buy more as the economy boomed and a culture of consumerism bloomed. Tim Hortons has started to expand to other countries outside of North America. There is a long history of fast food advertising campaigns, many of which are directed at children. Il est fondé sur le livre Fast Food Nation, écrit par Éric Schlosser. vorgesehen sind. [32][33] The environmental group Friends of the Earth that had first detected the contaminated shells was critical of the FDA for not doing its own job. 1952)[3][4][5][6] are multinational corporations with outlets across the globe. Buffy a décidé de travailler dans un fast food, le Double Mixte Palace. Many consumers nonetheless see them as symbols of the wealth, progress, and well-ordered openness of Western society and they therefore become trendy attractions in many cities around the world, particularly among younger people with more varied tastes. KFC is the most popular fast food chain in South Africa according to a 2010 Sunday Times survey. The guidelines are voluntary but companies experience heavy pressure to comply. The Atlantic. When ordering it is very often abbreviated to met (literally "with"). McDonald's announced that in March 2006, the chain would include nutritional information on the packaging of all of its products.[30]. [81] Two other researchers, Charles Hirschman and Irina Voloshin, highlight their dangerous impacts and consequences regarding hiring and firing of teenage school-goers in the fast-food industry. Fast food zıwanê ma de beno rew werdış, namê werdanê ke bufe u restoranan de pewciyenê u uca de weriyenê. [75] In 2014, the World Health Organization published a study which claims that deregulated food markets are largely to blame for the obesity crisis, and suggested tighter regulations to reverse the trend. [58] Pizza Hut is located in 97 countries, with 100 locations in China. Food Britannia. [26] Tactical applies to accounting for hiring of personnel and suppliers as well as financial decisions to adapt to the local customers. The major focus on children by the fast food industry has created controversy due to the rising issue of child obesity in America. In Los Angeles County, for example, about 45% of the restaurants in South Central Los Angeles are fast-food chains or restaurants with minimal seating. "Honk for Service: A Man, A Tray and the Glory Days of the Drive-In Restaurant". use mass-produced pre-prepared ingredients (bagged buns & condiments, frozen beef patties, prewashed/sliced vegetables, etc.) Eating fast food is bad for your health. 2. [35], The FDA found that trans fats raises the amount of cholesterol in blood, which raises the chance of developing heart disease which is known as one of the leading causes of death in the U.S.[35] In a recent study, it was found that 11 out of 25 restaurants failed after tests on the use of antibiotics as well. Web. In Nigeria, Mr. Bigg's, Chicken Republic, Tantalizers, and Tastee Fried Chicken are the predominant fast food chains. Nearly from its inception, fast food has been designed to be eaten "on the go" and often does not require traditional cutlery and is eaten as a finger food. Others have indoor or outdoor seating areas where customers can eat on-site. [26], For the most part, someone visiting a McDonald's in the United States will have the same experience as someone visiting a McDonald's in Japan. [citation needed] Prior to the rise of the fast food chain restaurant, people generally had a choice between diners where the quality of the food was often questionable and service lacking, or high-end restaurants that were expensive and impractical for families with children. [15] In Asia, 12th century Chinese ate fried dough, soups and stuffed buns, all of which still exist as contemporary snack food. This requires a high degree of food engineering. Levinstein, Harvey. 1940) and KFC (est. [9] By 1959 McLamore and Edgarton were operating several locations within the Miami-Dade area and were growing at a fast clip. [citation needed], Eating fast food has been linked to, among other things, cardiovascular disease, colorectal cancer, obesity, high cholesterol, insulin resistance conditions and depression. Michelle M. Mello, Eric B. Rimm and David M. Studdert. Berkeley: University of California P, 2003. McDonald's carried out a trial but decided that the cost of operations would be too high. This sense of reliability coupled with a positive customer experience brings customers to place trust in the company. are represented in major Russian cities. A l’époque, on parlait déjà de malbouffe, mais la restau Many other types of home based fast food operations were closed in the 1970s and 1980s after McDonald's became the number one outlet in the market[citation needed]. [79], Despite so much popularity, fast foods and fast-food chains have adverse impacts not only on the job and social skills, but on the health and academic performance of students. Fast food chains rely on consistency and uniformity, in internal operations and brand image, across all of their restaurant locations in order to convey a sense of reliability to their customers. [10], The traditional family dinner is increasingly being replaced by the consumption of takeaway fast food. fast-food (n.m.). After the original company began to falter in 1959, it was purchased by McLamore and Edgerton who renamed the company Burger King.[11]. The perceived creation of a "discount" on individual menu items in exchange for the purchase of a "meal" is also consistent with the loyalty marketing school of thought.[12]. [46] The median age of workers in the industry in 2013 was 28. [37] There are points of progress that include healthier sides and beverages in most fast food restaurant kids' meals. [9][10] The two partners eventually decided to invest their money in Jacksonville, Florida-based Insta-Burger King. Modern commercial fast food is highly processed and prepared on a large scale from bulk ingredients using standardized cooking and production methods and equipment. More recently, healthier alternatives to conventional fast food have also emerged. FEBO is one of the largest of such types of fast-food restaurants with automats.[20]. Voir aussi : Fastfood , fastfood , fast-food However, some differences do exist to tailor to particular cultural differences. "Fast Food Nation: The Dark Side of the All American Meal" HarperCollins Publishers, 2005. In Portugal, there are some varieties of local fast-food and restaurants specialized in this type of local cuisine. [13], In the United States, consumers spent about US$110 billion on fast food in 2000 (which increased from $6 billion in 1970). Seen as symbols of US dominance and perceived cultural imperialism, American fast food franchises have often been the target of Anti-globalization protests and demonstrations against the US government. They claim this funding allows these workers to "afford health care, food, and other basic necessities".[30][31]. A number of fast food worker strikes occurred in the United States in the 2010s. Because of commercial emphasis on quickness, uniformity and low cost, fast food products are often made with ingredients formulated to achieve a certain flavor or consistency and to preserve freshness. [citation needed] Drive-through restaurants were first popularized in the 1950s in the United States. This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 11:57. It is often pre-prepared and delivered to the shop ready for frying or boiling. [21] Harry Ramsden's fast food restaurant chain opened its first fish and chip shop in Guiseley, West Yorkshire in 1928. Schultz, Howard and Yang, Dori Jones. [14] In the mornings, bread soaked in wine was eaten as a quick snack and cooked vegetables and stews later in popina, a simple type of eating establishment. Advertising on Spanish speaking channels increased by 8% in 2012, with KFC and Burger King increasing spending in this demographic by 35% while cutting down on their regular advertising within English speaking channels. The United Kingdom's signature type of fast food restaurant is a fish and chip shop, which specializes in fish and chips and also other foods such as kebabs and burgers. Fast food is commonly blamed for the obesity epidemic in the United States today. Enticed by the success of the McDonald's concept, Kroc signed a franchise agreement with the brothers and began opening McDonald's restaurants in Illinois. In 2018, the fast food industry was worth an estimated $570 billion globally.[1]. [8], At roughly the same time as Kroc was conceiving what eventually became McDonald's Corporation, two Miami, Florida businessmen, James McLamore and David Edgerton, opened a franchise of the predecessor to what is now the international fast food restaurant chain Burger King.